Here are the general steps to apply for Canada PR through the Express Entry system, which is one of the most common pathways:
Eligibility Check: Determine your eligibility to apply for Canada PR. Ensure you meet the basic requirements such as age, education, work experience, language proficiency, and adaptability points.
Language Proficiency Test: Take an approved language proficiency test (e.g., IELTS, CELPIP for English, or TEF for French) to demonstrate your language skills.
Educational Credential Assessment (ECA): Get your educational qualifications assessed by an authorized organization to ensure they are valid in Canada.
Create an Express Entry Profile: Create an online profile through the Canadian government’s Express Entry system. You will be assigned points based on various factors, and your profile will be ranked in the Express Entry pool.
Receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA): If your profile is highly ranked, you may receive an ITA during a regular draw from the Express Entry pool. Receiving an ITA allows you to proceed with your Canada PR application.
Submit your Canada PR Application: After receiving the ITA, submit a complete application along with the required documents within the specified time frame (usually 60 days). This includes forms, supporting documents, police clearance certificates, and medical examinations.
Application Processing: The Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) will process your application and conduct background checks, verify documents, and assess your eligibility.
Medical Examination: Undergo a medical examination by an approved panel physician to demonstrate that you are in good health.
Police Clearance Certificate: Obtain police clearance certificates from all the countries where you have lived for a specified period.
Wait for Decision: Wait for a decision on your Canada PR application. Processing times may vary based on your country of residence and the type of application.
Receive Confirmation of PR Status: If your application is approved, you will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) document and a Permanent Resident Visa (if applying from outside Canada). If you are inside Canada, you will receive a COPR to complete the landing process.
Complete the Landing Process: If applying from outside Canada, travel to Canada before your COPR expires and complete the landing process with a Canadian border official. If you are already in Canada, attend a landing interview to finalize your PR status.